Ronald Reagan at the Berlin Wall


“Peace through strength” is a foreign policy strategy that emphasizes the maintenance of a strong military as a means to deter potential aggressors and promote peace. The idea behind this strategy is that by having a strong military, a country can prevent conflicts and maintain stability in its relations with other nations.

The concept of “peace through strength” dates back to ancient times, but it gained renewed prominence during the Cold War, when it was advocated by US President Ronald Reagan and his administration as a means to counter the perceived military threat from the Soviet Union. The idea was that by building up the US military and deploying a missile defense system, the US could deter the Soviet Union from starting a war and ultimately bring about a peaceful end to the Cold War.

Advocates of “peace through strength” argue that a strong military is necessary to protect a country’s national security interests and promote stability in the international community. They argue that by maintaining a strong military, a country can deter potential aggressors and prevent conflicts before they start.

Critics of the “peace through strength” strategy argue that it can lead to an arms race and an escalation of tensions between nations. They argue that spending on military capabilities can divert resources from other important areas such as education, healthcare, and infrastructure, and that a country’s focus on military strength can lead to a disregard for diplomacy and peaceful resolution of conflicts.

It is important to note that peace cannot be maintained only by military strength, but also through diplomacy, economic development, and cooperation among nations. Achieving peace also requires addressing the underlying causes of conflicts, such as poverty, inequality, and political unrest.